Boards and Beyond
Boards and Beyond

  1. Introduction to Cardiac Medicine
    Cardiac Anatomy Chambers, valves, coronary arteries, electrical system (9min) UPDATED 4-16-2016
    Cardiac Physiology Preload, afterload, contractility, response to exercise (27min) UPDATED 1-14-2016
    Blood Flow Mechanics Resistance, compliance, wall tension (19min) UPDATED 5-6-2016
    Regulation of Blood Pressure Carotid sinus, carotid occlusion studies, coronary blood flow, autoregulation (23min) UPDATED 6-6-2016
    PV Loops PV loop components, commonly tested PV loops (16min) UPDATED 12-1-2016
    Wiggers' Diagram Wiggers’ diagram components, commonly tested Wigger’s diagrams (10min)
    Venous Pressure Tracings a, v, c waves; x and y descents, commonly tested venous tracings (10min)
    Starling Curve Starling and venous return curves (16min) UPDATED 8-12-2016
  2. Cardiac Ischemia
    Cardiac Ischemia O2 supply/demand, ischemic symptoms, EKG changes with ischemia, angioplasty, CABG, complications of ischemia, complications of stents (25min)
    STEMI Diagnosis and management; angioplasty; lytics (8min) UPDATED 5-23-2016
    Unstable Angina/NSTEMI Diagnosis and management of UA/NSTEMI (8min)
    Stable Angina Treatment of stable angina, nitrates, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, mechanisms of drug benefit, side effects, Prinzmetal’s Angina (16min)
  3. EKGs
    EKG Basics P wave, T wave, U waves, QRS, Intervals, Axis (23min) UPDATED 5-20-2016
    High Yield EKGs Sinus rhythm, atrial fibrillation and flutter, left and right bundle branch blocks, ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation, Torsades (19min)
  4. Arrhythmias
    Cardiac Action Potentials Myocardial and pacemaker action potentials (16min) UPDATED 8-12-2016
    AV and Bundle Branch Blocks 1st, 2nd, 3rd degree AV blocks; Right and left bundle branch blocks (25min) UPDATED 1-26-16
    Atrial Fibrillation and Flutter Symptoms, EKGs, Rate and rhythm control, anticoagulation (22min) NEW 8-12-2016
    AVNRT EKG findings, mechanism, symptoms, therapy (7min)
    WPW EKG findings, mechanism, symptoms, therapy (6min)
    Antiarrhythmic Drugs Vaughan Williams classification; Adenosine; Atropine; Digoxin (42min) UPDATED 1-26-16
  5. Cardiac Auscultation
    Heart Murmurs Valvular stenosis and regurgitation murmurs; ASD; PDA; VSD (23min) UPDATED 6-9-2016
    Heart Sounds S1, S2, S3, S4, Clicks, Snaps (17min) UPDATED 6-8-2016
  6. Heart Failure
    Heart Failure Basics Symptoms and pathophysiology (21min) UPDATED 12-1-2016
    Systolic and Diastolic Heart Failure Definitions, causes, pathophysiology (18min) NEW 12-1-2016
    Restrictive Cardiomyopathy Pathophysiology and causes (12min) NEW 12-1-2016
    Acute Heart Failure Diuretics, Inotropes, Digoxin (19min) UPDATED 12-1-2016
    Chronic Heart Failure ACE-inhibitors, Beta Blockers, devices (17min) UPDATED 12-1-2016
  7. The Developing Heart
    Cardiac Embryology Ventricular/atrial septum, fetal circulation, circulatory changes at birth (15min) UPDATED 12-13-2016
    Shunts VSD, ASD, PDA, PFO (18min) NEW 12-13-2016
    Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease Tetralogy of Fallot, Transposition, Tricuspid/PulmonaryAtresia (22min) NEW 12-13-2016
    Coarctation of the Aorta Pre-ductal and post-ductal coarctation, physiology (11min) NEW 12-13-2016
  8. Hypertension
    Hypertension Definition, physiology, secondary causes, urgency, emergency (15min) UPDATED 5-6-2016
    Secondary Hypertension Drugs, Aldosteronism, Cushing's, Renal artery stenosis (16min) NEW 5-6-2016
    Hypertension Drugs Beta blockers, ACE-inhibitors, ARBs, calcium channel blockers, special drugs (24min) UPDATED 5-6-2016
  9. Other Cardiovascular Topics
    Valve Disease Aortic, mitral, pulmonic, tricuspid - stenosis and regurgitation (19min)
    Shock Swan-Gantz catheters, cardiogenic shock, hypovolemic shock, septic shock, swan in valve disease, intracardiac shunts (25min) UPDATED 9-1-2016
    Pericardial Disease Pericarditis, Tamponade, Constriction (23min)
    Aortic Dissection Symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, therapy; Aortic aneurysms (10min) UPDATED 1-16-2016
    Cardiac Tumors Myxoma, Rhabdomyoma, Tuberous Sclerosis (5min) UPDATED 8-12-2016
    Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Definition, symptoms, treatment (16min) UPDATED 12-1-2016
    Endocarditis Acute, subacute, treatment (14min)